The name Yugadi or Ugadi is derived from the Sanskrit words yuga (age) and ādi (starting) – ‘the beginning of a new age’.It is festively observed in these regions on the first day of the Hindu lunisolar calendar month of Chaitra.
It’s commonly observed as the lunar new year’s day beginning of the new year. Following the Hindu Lunar calendar, it usually falls in the months of March and April. This day is popularised as Chandramana Ugadi. This day is generally marked as New Year’s Day for the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana. It is joyfully observed on the first day in all these locations marked according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar month of Chaitra. It typically falls in the month of April in the Gregorian calendar.
In addition to this, this day is observed with the aid of using drawing colorful styles at the ground called Muggulu, mango leaf decorations on doorways called Torana, shopping for and giving presents which include new clothes, giving charity to the poor, oil rub down accompanied with the aid of using a unique traditional bath, making ready and sharing a unique meal called pachadi, and touring Hindu temples.
Also, the pachadi is an awesome festive meal that mixes all flavors – sweet, sour, salty, bitter, astringent, and piquant. Moreover, in Telugu and Kannada Hindu traditions, it’s a symbolic reminder that one needs to anticipate all flavors of stories withinside the coming new 12 months and make the maximum of them.
Ugadi has forever been important as an historic festival of the Hindus, with inscriptions and medieval texts that measure prime charitable donations to community centers and Hindu temples on this day. The same day is observed as a New Year by Hindus in many other parts of India with varied names, such as Puthandu in Tamil Nadu and Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra.
Ugadi is incomplete without the “Ugadi Pachadi. ” The festival starts off with a fresh hair wash and oil bath ritual, called Abhyanga. The advantages of Abhyanga(rooted in Ayurveda) have been studied broadly and are diagnosed as one of the maximum non-invasive and enjoyable methods to keep proper health.
Also, each competition brings with it a slew of specialties which might be in particular diagnosed with the competition. The “Ugadi Pachadi” calls for 6 ingredients- Raw mango, Neem, Tamarind, Jaggery, Chilli, and Salt. Legend has it this amalgamated dish serves as a great illustration of lifestyles themselves- happiness, sorrow, anger, bitterness, marvel, and fear. Today, social psychologists and behavior therapists insist that each emotion desires to be welcomed for proper emotional health. This ritual serves as the ideal knowledge of the significance and the inevitability of each human emotion. So, Ugadi 2022 will be celebrated on 2 April 2022 i.e. Saturday.
In the darkness hours of 6th March, 1963 the. people of Kanura Agraharam village, in Andhra were moving with extreme excitement. They were not the ordinary men and women of every day; just for a moment they were all luminous beings, as they were possessed with the light of new hope of the new year. With the rising sun, would commence Ugadi, -theTelugu new year day.
As the festival of Ugadi commemorates the advent of Telugu new year, it would be appropriate to give some idea at the outset of the system of reckoning year in Andhra Pradesh and also to compare the same with the system prevailing in other parts of India.
SIGNIFICANCE OF UGADI
Ugadi marks the beginning of a chronological year and also the end of the economic cycle. It’s the best time for nature and men as well. Nature invites the farmers to harvest crops with new spirit and this symbolises the spirit of Ugadi.
Ugadi is regarded to be a sacred occasion, which is represented by a large number of performances that highlight the variant colors of sacredness.
These may be classified as follows:-
Sacred core of Ugadi
Capitalising the auspicious day.
Mystic linkage of secular authority with the sacred occasion.
Taking stock of the divine ordinance for the next year.
It is only for facilitating the conceptualisation of the rituals, that certain activities have been categorised as constituting the sacred core. As noted earlier, these elements are, offering of new harvest, tasting of pachadi and also ceremonial first ploughing. The brief particulars of are mentioned below::
The ingredients for the preparation of the Ugadi pachadi are Slices of raw mango, Neem flower, Fresh tamarind, Fresh jaggery, Pieces of sugarcane. Some people also add pieces of banana fruit, spices and salts.Women take their bath and put on clean clothes. Generally among the lower castes also, the ladies take much more frequent baths, before preparing the pachadi.
Some scientific explanations have been given by ancestors as Bitterness of the neem flowers kills the harmful mIcro-organisms inside the body and helps in maintaining good health throughout the year and it is very difficult to digest tamarind and mango nuts. To prevent the people from taking mango nuts and tamarind, when these are not good for health, the wise ancient law makers made a rule that these could be taken for the first time only after these have been offered on Ugadi day.
In a short survey of Villages, Ugadi is performed by the people of every caste, whether they belongs to lower, upper or middle. The preparation for Ugadi, however, does not start simultaneously in all the households. The people, who are economically well and have houses, start cleaning and whitewashing one week to ten days before the festival. The people who belong to the middle and the lower classes, whose houses are built with brick or mud, start plastering the walls, with a mixture of cow-dung and mud and cleaning the surroundings a few days before the festival. After plastering walls they also decorate the same with lime marks.
The pictures of the household divinity are very well cleaned on the night before the day of Ugadi in the houses of the Brahman caste .The places where the images were kept, are also cleaned with water and decorated with different types of floral designs.
These designs are drawn with the help of vermilion, turmeric and rice powder. The people prefer to perform marriages and other social rites during this month as well as the next two months.
Another important practice in the villages is to change farm servants or to reaffirm traditional relations. On this day the farm servants are either re-appointed or their accounts of the previous year are closed. The washerman and barbers etc. visit their jaymans (patron clients) and receive some food or token payment as a mark of grace from their superiors. The concept of auspicious time associated with Ugadi is not confined to the Ugadi day alone. It is spread over the entire month cow-dung solution on this occasion. Out of the 145 households, 86 households stated that they had rinsed their respective houses either one day earlier or on the morning of Ugadi.
Shri Malleaswaraswamy temple- This temple is situated at Narendrapuram. The main deities in the temple are Sri Malleswara Swamy and Balatripurasundari, consort of Sri Malleswara Swamy. The temple has 22.10 cents of landed property and also a small cash income. It is a huge temple and the priest belongs to a low Brahman caste. It was built-in about 150 years ago.
Kashivisll’anathaswami temple- The temple is located in the Kasibugga village in the Srikakulam district. The main city in the temple is Kashiviswanthaswami. It is said that a Shivalingam was found half furlong from the present side of the temple. On hearing about it, the king of Tarla wanted to get it shifted to his place, but in the attempt seven carts were broken. It is about 250 years old.
Sri Radhakanta Swami temple-This temple is located at Brahmanatarla. It is considered to be about 70 years old and has a property of about 25 acres. The main deities in this temple are Radhakanta Swami and his consort Lakshmi.
Hence, there would be an orientation towards ritualism and orthodoxy. It is obvious that in such a multi-dimensional study the conclusion must be related to limited aspects only. It is found that in the matter of offering to deities and also panchanga patanam, sacredotal elements are more strong in Srikakulam district which is in the Northern of Andhra Pradesh. It is often been considered here the significance of the regional variation about the different elements that are attached with the Ugadi. Though Ugadi is referred to as a sacred festival, it cannot be said that there are certain activities which sharply stand out from the others.