Lumbini Festival : Significance, origin and history

Lumbini is the birth place of Gautam Buddha, the Guru behind Buddhism and is one of the most important Buddhist Pilgrimage Site.


The Lumbini festival, grandeur of Andhra Pradesh, is celebrated by the people with extreme gaiety and cheerfulness. The Lumbini Festival is celebrated every year in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh to honor the significance and heritage of Buddhism. The festival is observed on one of the weekends. It is celebrated in the month of December and lasts for the whole three days.

In this article, we provide you with the in-depth details of the festival as in where does this festival go back to, how is it celebrated, by whom is it celebrated and much more!

Lumbini Festival
Lumbini Festival

Lumbini is one of the most sacred and significant Buddhist pilgrimage sites. It is also the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, the Guru of Buddhism. Hence, it is a juncture to celebrate the birth of Lord Buddha and is thus named after the place, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha.

The Buddha is also known as Siddhattha Gotama, Siddhārtha Gautama and Buddha Shakyamuni.He was a preacher, meditator, religious and spiritual leader who founded the religion of Buddhism. He is recognized as the Enlightened One in buddhist schools and is believed to have transcended karma and escaped the continuous cycle of birth and death. He was also believed to be an avatar in Vaishnavism. He was a preacher for around 45 years and is said to have a gigantic following. His teachings are built on the basic idea of insight into suffering (‘ duhkha’) and the end of sufferings- the state of Nirvana.

Talking about his childhood life, he was born into an affluent Shakya family, but after some years he renounced that lay life. He, after having understood that it requires several years of meditation and asceticism, awakened to understand the mechanism of karma, which keeps everybody trapped in the cycle of rebirth. Thye, he traveled through the Ganges plain, teaching and preaching and hence building a strong community.

There are no such records about Lord Gautama Buddha that can be found from his lifetime or from the one or two centuries after. But from the mid 3rd century BC, Various Edicts of Ashoka mentioned Buddha, and particularly Ashoka’s Lumbini pillar inscription celebrates the Emperor’s pilgrimage to Lumbini as the Buddha’s birthplace, calling him the Buddha Shakyamuni. Another one among his edicts mentions the titles of several Dhamma texts establishing the existence of a written Buddhist tradition a minimum of by the time of the Maurya Era.

In 2021, To celebrate this divine figure, The Tourism Department of Andhra Pradesh organizes and plans the festival, its celebration, events, activities and other arrangements for varied tourists and visitors who visit this place during this time of the year. 

Grand Celebrations on the Lumbini Cultural Fest 

Lumbini may be a remembrance throwing light on the rich heritage and culture of Buddhism. The three-day-long Festival normally involves remembering the teachings of Gautam Buddha in various forms and activities. The festival is anticipated with great fun and grandeur. Thousands of devotees from all around the world are crowded over here on the occasion of the Lumbini Festival to honor the heritage of Buddhism in all the states of Andhra Pradesh. The festival is observed on one of the weekends and lasts for a total of three days in the month of December. There also are some major attractions in this festival which include the Monolith Buddha Statue, Special Celebration at the port of Visakhapatnam, and Buddhist preaching’s.

  • Buddhist pilgrims visit Buddha’s origin in Lumbini where they provide their appreciation to Lord Buddha’s mom Mayadevi on the second day of the celebration. All the Enthusiasts sing melodies passionately in recognition of Lord Buddha and his mom. The fans additionally worship Buddha by offering natural products, blossoms, and other food things. The Buddha is broadly admired with extraordinary zeal and dedication. Lord Buddha’s birthday can be seen with much joy and delight on the third day,
  • As a piece of the festival, Buddhist priests chant psalms that relate Lord Buddha’s life from birth to death. Buddhist priests similarly break coconuts for Lord Buddha. Lord Buddha’s birth to the planet is seen with much satisfaction and joy. The celebration is commended with much intensity and enthusiasm in Andhra Pradesh . Thousands of travelers from everywhere over the nation visit the spot to praise the celebration. The celebration is commended within the Telangana region. It is praised for 3 days within the province of Andhra Pradesh .This festival’s time fills the atmosphere with extreme divinity and positivity.

Spiritual Events

The Lumbini festival carrying the legacy of Buddhist heritage is celebrated every year

in the month of December. This festival is widely shown in Nagarjuna for 3 days. From second

Friday, this festival begins with receiving increasing numbers of pilgrims over the years. During this festival, various cultural programs and performances about the teachings of Buddha are projected there. Buddhist pilgrims conduct various rallies and lots of eminent personalities mark their presence.

There is an absolute grand celebration of the festival, alongside several events, activities, and other cultural arrangements for the tourists and therefore the pilgrims. The Lumbini festival is glorified with extreme excitement, fun includes the remembrance of the teachings of Gautam Buddha through various efforts and actions made there.

The festival also hosts native sculptors, painters, and artisans of Vishakhapatnam to reflect their talent and this provides the organizers a good source of revenue. The devotees and therefore the tourists visiting the festival can participate within the events and the preaching sessions. There also are local handicraft items being sold at the stalls held at the festival.

The festival usually begins on the second Friday within the month of December and goes on for 3 long days.

Buddha Purnima is one of the important festivals of Andhra Pradesh. Another important festival is Sakya Monlam, a mass peace prayer that has been held every year in Lumbini since 1993. For ten days in November or December, a huge gathering of thousands of monks and nuns sit together and chant more than 100,000 recitations of important prayers, including Samantabhadra’s Aspiration to Noble Deeds.

Attractions of Lumbini in Vizag 

Gautam Buddha taught the lessons of purity and serenity through his entire life. The festival is organized by Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation to spice up tourism within the state. In fact, Lumbini festival gives the right opportunity to people to peep into the sooner times, when Buddhism want to be the prevalent religion in Andhra Pradesh . In the month of December, the second Friday marks the start of this event. For three days, the celebrations of the festival swathe the whole state with their charm. People from all parts of the planet come to require part within the occasion.

  1. The Buddha Statue- The statue is considered as the largest single rock statue of Lord Buddha in the world. The statue is inspired by the Statue of Liberty in New York. The late chief Minister N.T Rao was influenced by the statue of liberty, after that he also wanted to idolize something unique in his own state. After his return from New York, he chose to make the Monolith Buddha Statue.


  1. Buddha Preachings-  Anyone can visit and learn about the different sessions organised by Buddhists monks and get to know some life-changing preachings.


  1. Special celebrations at the Port of Vizag–  The Vizag celebrations at the port of Visakhapatnam are related to Art and Craft. It also brought  in an increase in the number of tourists as it is the huge hub of artisans and Craftsmen. People visit the port to appreciate the art and interpretations of Lord Buddha’s teachings in life.

In Andhra Pradesh ,The Festival of Lumbini denotes the importance of Buddhism as a faith to the state of Andhra Pradesh . History takes us back to 2000 years ago when Buddhism was the only prevalent religion in the state. It is celebrated per annum to watch the importance of Buddhism and celebrate the faith.


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