Maha Shivaratri is a conspicuous Hindu celebration commended each year to honor God Shiva. This celebration is commended to honor the defeating of evil and oblivion in the world. Here is everything you need to know about Mahashivratri!
‘Shivratri’ is a combination of two words: “Shiva” and “Ratri,” which respectively refer to the God Shiva and night. The word “Maha” in Maha Shivratri means “grand”. So, Maha Shivratri becomes the grand night dedicated to celebrating the Hindu Deity. The name also refers to the night where Lord Shiva performs the ‘heavenly dance’.
Date and Time
Maha Shivaratri is celebrated over three or ten days based on the Hindu lunisolar calendar, and every lunar month, there is a Shivaratri (12 per year). The main festival is called Maha Shivaratri, or great Shivaratri, which is held on the 13th night (waning moon) and 14th day of the month Phalguna. In the Gregorian calendar, the day falls in either February or March.
This year, Mahashivratri fell on Thursday, March 11. The Chaturdashi Tithi began at 14:39 on March 11 and ended at 15:02 on March 12. The Nishita Kaal Puja time was 00:06 to 00:55 on March 12 (Duration: 48 mins). However, Shivaratri puja can be performed one time or four times during the night. The whole night duration can be divided into four to get four Prahar to perform Shiva Puja four times.
- Ratri first Prahar Puja time: 18:27 to 21:29
- Ratri second Prahar Puja time: 21:29 to 00:31, Mar 12
- Ratri third Prahar Puja time: 00:31 to 03:32, Mar 12
- Ratri fourth Prahar Puja time: 03:32 to 06:34, Mar 12
History and Significance
There are a few unique legends that portray the meaning of Maha Shivaratri. As indicated by one legend in the Shaivism custom, this is the night when Shiva plays out the great dance of creation, safeguarding, and obliteration. This heavenly dance is set apart by the reciting of psalms, the perusing of Shiva sacred writings, and the chorale of fans join to recall Shiva’s essence all over.
According to another legend, this is the night when Shiva and Parvati got married. The legend goes that once Lord Shiva and his significant other Sati were getting back from sage Agastya’s ashram subsequent to tuning in to Ram Katha or the story of Ram. On their way through the woods, Shiva saw Lord Rama looking for his significant other Sita who had been abducted by Ravana, the King of Lanka. Shiva bowed his head in worship to Lord Rama. Sati was astonished by Lord Shiva’s conduct and asked why he was paying regard to a simple human.
Shiva educated Sati that Rama was a manifestation of Lord Vishnu. To confirm this, Sati appeared as Sita showed up before Rama. Master Rama promptly perceived the true character of the Goddess and asked, “Devi, for what reason are you alone, where′s Shiva?” At this, Sati understood reality with regards to Lord Ram. However, Sita resembled a mother to Lord Shiva and since Sati appeared as Sita her status had changed. From that time, Shiva withdrew himself from her as a spouse.
Afterward, when Sati’s dad Daksha coordinated a yagna and embarrassed her, Lord Shiva turned out to be incredibly incensed when he heard the information on Sati’s immolation. Conveying the collection of Sati, Shiva started to perform Rudra Tandava or the dance of annihilation and cleared out the realm of Daksha.
To quiet Lord Shiva, Vishnu cut off Sati′s body into 12 pieces and tossed them on earth. It is said that any place the bits of Sati’s body fell, there arose a Shakti Peetha, incorporating the Kamaroopa Kamakhya in Assam and the Vindhyavasini in UP. Ruler Siva was currently alone, he attempted thorough compensation and resigned to the Himalayas.
Sati accepted a re-birth as Parvati in the group of God Himalaya. She performed atonement to break Shiva’s reflection and win his consideration. It is said that Parvati, who thought that it was difficult to break Shiva’s reflection sought the help of Kamadeva – the God of Love and Passion. Kamadeva requested Parvati to move in front of Shiva.
At the point when Parvati moved, Kamadeva shot his bolt of enthusiasm at Shiva breaking his repentance. Shiva turned out to be incredibly irritated and opened his third eye that burned Kamadeva up. It was solely after Kamadeva’s significant other Rati’s arguing that Lord Shiva consented to resuscitate Kamadeva.
Afterward, Parvati attempted extreme retribution to prevail upon Shiva. Through her commitment and influence by sages devas, Parvati, otherwise called Uma, was at long last ready to draw Shiva into marriage. Their marriage was solemnized a day prior to Amavasya in the long stretch of Phalgun. This day of association of God Shiva and Parvati is commended as Mahashivratri consistently.
Rituals during Mahashivratri
Dissimilar to most Hindu celebrations which are celebrated during the day, the Maha Shivaratri is commended around nighttime. In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, Shivratri yatras are held at Mallayya gutta close to Kambhalapalle, Gundlakamma Kona close to Railway Koduru, Penchalakona, Bhairavakona, Uma Maheswaram among others.
The festival incorporates keeping a “jaagaran,” an entire night vigil, and supplications. On this day, contributions of organic products, leaves, desserts, and milk to Shiva are made, some play out the entire day fasting with Vedic or tantric love of Shiva, and some perform reflective Yoga. The Maha Shivaratri celebration is praised in Andhra Pradesh when pioneers go right to Kalahasti and Srisailam to visit the sanctuaries there. An exacting quick is noticed for the duration of the day.
All through the whole evening, the Shiva Lingam is revered by washing it at regular intervals with milk, curd, nectar, rose water, and so on with the holy serenade of ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ recited at the foundation with commitment and fixation. Besides, the Kotapakkonda
Fair wakes up just before Maha Shivaratri, as the groups involved every last bit of the slope and celebrate with incredible dedication and intensity. The goliath ‘Prabhas’ parade is something to view. Hitched ladies appeal to notice quickly on Maha Shivratri for the prosperity of their spouses and children, while unmarried ladies petition God for a husband like Shiva, who is viewed as the ideal husband.
To experience the fervor and zeal of the devotees, Andhra Pradesh is a wonderful place. It is a spectacle of the spiritual and physical commune.